Medicinal plants and their properties

The vegetable world comprises three main groups of plants: Superior, Intermediary and Inferior. These encompass bacteria, microscopic algae, mushrooms, ferns, brushes and trees, among others. Their identification is a task of specialists and the limit between the vegetal and animal world is not clear. To simplify matters, we consider plants those recognized as such by ordinary people. Books about medicinal properties of vegetables normally seem to treat differently herbs and medicinal plants. However, herbs are seed producing annual, biennial or perennial plants that do not develop a persistent woody tissue. Perhaps because herbs have such an important historical and tradition in healing, sometimes they are treated as a special category of plants i.e., those particularly valued for their medicinal, savory or aromatic qualities. In the following list, herbs are considered as medicinal plants and taken only for their medicinal or aromatic properties.

Since the traditional or popular name of medicinal plants varies so much according to regional and cultural aspects, the have been grouped alphabetically according to their most common English name. The scientific designation follows in each case.


List of some commonly used medicinal plants

 

ALOE VERA

DANDELION

MYRTLE

THYME

ANGELICA

DILL

NETTLE

TURMERIC

ANISE

EUCALYPTUS

OLIVE

VALERIAN

ARNICA

FENNEL

PALMETTO

VERBENA

ARROWROOT

GARLIC

PARSLEY

WHITE WILLOW

ARTEMISIA

GENTIAN

PASSIFLORA

WORMWOOD

BASIL

GINGER

PATCHOULI

WILD THYME

BELLADONA

GINKGO

PEONIA

YARROW

BENZOIN

GINSENG

PEPPERMINT

YLANG-YLANG

BERGAMOT

GUMPLANT

PEPPER

BITTER ORANGE

HAMAMELIS

RADISH

BOLDO

HAWTHORN

RAUVOLFIA

CALENDULA

HYSSOP

RHUBARB

CAMPHOR

JASMINE

ROSE

CARDAMON

JUNIPER

ROSEMARY

CARDUS

LAUREL

RUE

CELERY

LAVENDER

SAGE, CLARY

CHAMOMILE

LEMON

SAGE

CHICORY

MALVA

SANDALWOOD

CINNAMON

MARJORAM

SARSAPARILLA

CLOVE

MATE

SCOTS PINE

COMFREY

MELISSA

SESAME

CORIANDER

MISTLETOE

ST JOHN'S WORT

CYMBOPOGON

MOTHERWORT

TARRAGON

DAMIANA

MYRRH

TEA TREE